Chloroquine has long been used in the treatment or prevention of malaria from Plasmodium vivax, P. malariae, excluding the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, for it started to develop widespread resistance to it. Chloroquine has been extensively used in mass drug administrations, which may have contributed to the emergence and spread of resistance. Hydroxychloroquine and famotidine Plaquenil a alkohol Hydroxychloroquine sulphate for skin Chloroquine is the drug of choice for travel to areas where chloroquine resistance has not been described. Chloroquine is active against the erythrocytic forms Fig. 6.3 of sensitive strains of all species of malaria, and it is also gametocidal against P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. ovale. Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. Chloroquine Phosphate. Chloroquine is used to prevent or treat malaria caused by mosquito bites in countries where malaria is common. Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues such as red blood cells or the liver. In areas where resistance is present, other antimalarials, such as mefloquine or atovaquone, may be used instead. It is recommended to check if chloroquine is still effective in the region prior to using it. Chloroquine sensitive malaria areas Preventing malaria in travellers, Chloroquine - Wikipedia Chloroquine phosohateChloroquine is a Oct 01, 2018 Chloroquine phosphate tablets are indicated for the Treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to susceptible strains of P. falciparum, P.malariae, P. ovale, and P.vivax. Prophylaxis of malaria in geographic areas where resistance to Chloroquine is not present. Treatment of extraintestinal. Chloroquine - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses. Chloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures.. WHO Antimalarial drug efficacy maps. Nevertheless, it remains a drug of choice against sensitive P falciparum & other species of Plasmodium. As of 2015, the regions with chloroquine-sensitive malaria have been limited to parts of Central America, primarily in Hispaniola & west of the Panama Canal similar to that shown in Figure 2 for resistance patterns in 2010 Rosenthal, 2015. An alternative to chloroquine for prophylaxis only in areas with chloroquine-sensitive malaria 310 mg base 400 mg salt orally, once/week 5 mg/kg base 6.5 mg/ kg salt orally, once/week, up to maximum adult dose of 310 mg base Begin 1–2 weeks before travel to malarious areas. Chloroquine hydroxychloroquine, taken once weekly, is effective for malaria prevention in areas with chloroquine-sensitive malaria Footnote 55. Chloroquine is the drug of choice for the treatment of malaria caused by chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum and P. vivax, and all P. ovale, P. malariae and P. knowlesi infections Footnote 55.