Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Teva-chloroquine phosphate Hydroxychloroquine labs to monitor Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disorder for which there is no known cure. Fortunately in the last few years, a shift in strategy toward the earlier institution of disease modifying drugs and the availability of new classes of medications have greatly improved the outcomes that can be expected by most patients. Hydroxychloroquine is also used to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria. Replacement for hydroxychloroquine Hydroxychloroquine Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More, Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Can a pregnant woman take chloroquinePlaquenil and psoriatic arthritisPlaquenil and low blood pressure Find patient medical information for Hydroxychloroquine Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Hydroxychloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions.. Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Options Johns Hopkins.. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine Alternatives & Similar.. Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is a drug that is classified as an anti-malarial drug. Plaquenil is prescribed for the treatment or prevention of malaria. It is also prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and the side effects of lupus such as hair loss, joint pain, and more. What is Hydroxychloroquine, and What Does It Do? According to the American College of Rheumatology, hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, is a “disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD,” meaning that it helps reduce the pain and swelling that come with can also reduce the incidence of joint damage, thus lessening the risk of developing a long-term disability from complications.